論撰睿笱逜祥脹﹜翩艙睿COVID-19

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壽衾COVID-19婖傖腔撞瓷睿侚厗薹腔諳杅擂ㄛ羸极腔彶摩睿惆絳耜笭衾爛鍵睿議笱最僅奻腔俶梗﹝呥壽衾囮珛婖傖腔湮寞耀嬪麵ㄛ珩衄梢腔惆絳ㄛ筍扂蠅竭屾泭善壽衾論撰麼笱逜腔夢袨瓷馮瓷薹麼侚厗薹﹝鴃奪森ㄛ衄隴痐擂桶隴ㄛ論撰摯笱逜肮翩艙摯撞瓷珨啜岆躇眈壽腔﹝秪森ㄛ陔夢瓷馮湮霜俴腔瓷薹﹜閥葩薹睿侚厗薹ㄛ竭褫夔躇毀茬堤跪弊囀窒眕摯蜓弊睿弊眳潔腔論撰煦趙﹝跺睿模穸彶ㄛ珨啜華毀茬賸論撰賦凳ㄛ岆祥肮論脯睡冪盪涴珨霜俴瓷摯綴彆腔 壽瑩秪匼﹝馱﹜睿衄伎笱褫夔掀衄載嗣杻腔論脯睿笱逜极婈忳載湮腔芫賴﹝

 

扦頗悝模﹜扦頗霜俴瓷悝模睿坳旃噶埜婌憩蛁砩善論撰﹜笱逜睿翩艙眳潔腔躇薊炵﹝奧ㄛ壽衾COVID-19﹜笢弊睿砩湮瞳腔謗跺偶瞰惆絳腔誕嗣ㄛ筍岆ㄛ勤衾扂蠅絞峉儂笢腔論撰麼笱逜恀枙ㄛ饒虳惆絳撓綱羶衄扡摯ㄛ壽衾論撰腔彶麼坳硌渀腔訧蹋ㄛ猁繫羶衄彶摩ㄛ猁繫羶衄鼠票ㄛ奧謗弊飲羶衄藝弊饒欴腔煦脯笱逜賦凳﹝呥瓷馮籵徹迵腔躇諉揖麼氪迵忳覜桶醱腔誑雄奧換畦ㄛ涴岆羶衄論撰梗腔ㄛ筍岆饒虳瓷腔耀宒﹜坻蠅腔閥葩薹睿侚厗薹竭褫夔迵扦頗論撰衄壽﹝載嗣腔旃噶竭褫夔課尨堤笢弊睿砩湮瞳隴珆腔論撰煦趙﹝呴覂砮腔桯羲ㄛ扂蠅褫眕啎ㄛ藝弊扦頗霜俴瓷悝腔耀宒ㄛ蔚隴珆華朓覂笱逜睿論撰繚盄輛俴﹝籵徹掀誕彶杅擂迵算講茪嫁侚厗薹眕摯啎忭韜脹翩艙硌渀腔訧蹋ㄛ珨源醱ㄛ扂蠅褫眕艘善論撰賦凳睿論撰祥脹眳潔腔薊炵ㄛ鍚珨源醱ㄛ衱夔艘善翩艙睿撞瓷薹眳潔腔薊炵﹝涴虳躺岆珨啜腔嘛數ㄛ秪峈彶甜祥岆算講扦頗論脯腔俇硌梓﹝

祔崝酗腔論撰煦趙

婓徹撓坋爛笢ㄛ藝弊腔彶祥脹摹曄樓曄﹝呥涴珆婖傖賸埣懂埣嗣腔嬪麵ㄛ杻梗岆赻1980爛測眕懂ㄛ弊鏍彶誕腴撰梗腔80%腔馱郇論脯腔弊鏍彶掀瞰熬屾ㄛ詢傷迵菁傷腔船擒埣懂埣湮ㄛ涴掛旯憩岆汜魂扢囥ㄛ瞰迵翩艙睿撞瓷衄壽腔扢囥ㄛ窐講狟蔥輛珨祭樓曄腔秪匼﹝砉燴脤肅﹞哏嫌踢伬ㄗRichard Wilkinsonㄘ涴欴腔扦頗悝模峈ㄛ扦頗祥脹最僅掀GDP載樓樵隅濬腔翩艙ㄗ哏嫌踢伬[Wilkinson]1996;ㄗ哏嫌踢伬[Wilkinson]睿親杻[Pickett]2008爛ㄘ﹝旃噶埜冪都妏蚚價攝炵杅懂算講跪弊眳潔腔祥脹數呾彶祥脹腔喜僅峈0 - 1;俇脹腔扦頗腕煦峈0.0ㄛ奧俇祥脹腔扦頗ㄛ撈垀衄笙蜓飲扽衾奻脯ㄛ腕煦峈1.0﹝藝弊醴腕煦峈0.49ㄛ岆控源弊模笢軞极彶祥脹最僅郔詢腔弊模ㄗ笢弊腕煦峈0.55ㄛ砩湮瞳峈0.33煦ㄘ﹝

 

20岍槨90爛測眕懂ㄛ啃煦眳珨祫啃煦眳媼坋腔婓藝弊腔彶睿笙蜓笢垀梩腔掀瞰埣懂埣湮﹝涴岆蚕衾勤詢彶論脯腔阭彶熬轎﹜馱頗郪眽薹狟蔥﹜陔赻蚕翋砱腔奪秶溫侂眕摯櫛雄汜莉薹腔厥哿枑詢ㄛ撓綱垀衄涴虳彶飲擄儅善訧掛模瞳爵ㄛ奧祥岆載詢腔馱訧﹝迵森肮奀ㄛ植1990爛測眕懂ㄛ祫屾拻煦眳腔馱郇諳腔馱訧睿郇踢揭衾礿笴袨怓笢﹝

 

薊堊淉葬彶摩腔彶訧蹋蔚蚻馱訧腔諳赫煦峈20%腔僇ㄛ籵都備峈"拻煦僇"ㄛ珆尨藩跺僇論脯軞彶腔啃煦掀﹝軞极奧晟ㄛ赻20岍槨90爛測眕懂ㄛ彶郔詢腔20%馱郇論脯腔彶垀梩掀瞰摹曄崝酗ㄛ郔綴謗僇腔掀瞰眒冪峸坫ㄛ笢潔窒煦腔掀瞰礿笴祥﹝馱湮祡褫眕佽梩擂賸彶論枍腔狟脯拻煦眳﹝拻煦眳珨郔腴僇腔腔彶ㄛ1980爛梩軞彶腔4.3%2000爛梩3.6%﹝梩鍰貌嫌誰堍雄籵徹渀勤1%腔論撰ㄛ網郚蠅蛁砩論撰祥脹﹝1%腔妗迒岕賸彶笢埣懂埣湮腔掀瞰--- 17%睿笙蜓ㄛ輪爛懂峈34%﹝筍10%睿20%腔珩崝樓賸坻蠅腔馱訧笙蜓爺塗﹝階脯20% 腔腔彶梩1980爛馱郇腔43.7%﹝善2000爛ㄛ坻蠅腔爺塗崝樓善49.6%ㄛ善2010爛謹嗣珨虳ㄛ謹詢衾51%﹝善饒奀ㄛ郔湮盟僅腔梀盟輛善賸啃煦眳珨腔腔忒爵﹝

 

扂蠅辦厒艘艘彶脹撰腔菁脯ㄛ饒虳梩擂菁脯20%僇腔蠅ㄛ蚧岆彶阨郔腴腔﹝藝弊淉葬跦擂妘昜睿坳汜魂傖掛迵彶數呾ㄗ珨跺準都渣昫腔鼠宒ㄛ湮湮腴嘛賸淩淏腔妘睿汜魂傖掛ㄘ嬪盄﹝醴ㄛ珨跺侐諳眳模腔嬪盄埮峈25000藝啋﹝醴ㄛ藝弊腔夥源嬪薹埮峈12%ㄛ撈埮3600勀﹝載磁燴腔嘛數岆25-30%酘衵ㄗ25%蔚測桶8850勀ㄘ﹝笢勍嗣岆嫁肵麼豖倎尪ㄛ坻蠅蔚祥頗婓櫛雄薯笢﹝遜衄杅啃勀尕峚閉徹嬪盄ㄛ奧妗暱汜魂沭璃迵嬪盄眕狟腔眈侔ㄛ筍淉葬苀數笢羶衄涴欴腔杅趼ㄛ羶衄訧跡腕善鼠僕堔翑﹝勤衾饒虳睫磁訧跡腔懂佽ㄛ堔翑踢掩珨蟀揹腔"腦瞳蜊賂"祅熬ㄛ植親輿嗨婓奻岍槨90爛測腔湮盟祅熬腦瞳ㄛ善杻檄淉葬婓砮瓷炷僻藝弊眳哫票腔郔陔珨謫祅熬﹝婓馱釬爛鍵腔笢ㄛ衄酗麼潔衁俶囮珛腔馱ㄛ奧勍嗣坳腔岆辦絃麼錨忮珛腔腴馱訧馱﹜準淏寞冪撳傖埜麼"gigㄗ還奀ㄘ"馱﹝涴虳腴馱訧馱笢衄勍嗣彶腴衾嬪盄ㄛ羶衄瓷樑﹜欱橾踢麼翩艙悵玸﹝鴃奪兜匙鎮腔瓟悵崝樓賸杅啃勀統悵氪ㄛ筍衄埮2000勀羶衄瓟悵﹝

 

論撰睿翩艙

渀勤藝弊論撰賦凳腔掖劓酕辦厒潰弝ㄛ扂蠅褫眕脤艘迵論撰眈壽腔翩艙杅擂﹝軞极奧晟ㄛ笢奻脯論撰腔赻扂惆豢爵翩艙謎疑睿蚥祑腔錶ㄛ堈堈詢衾腴彶論脯﹝跦擂扦頗迵翩艙笢陑腔珨爺惆豢ㄛ※傖爛翩艙袨錶惆豢笢ㄛ翩艙袨錶珨啜麼媎詹腔傖杅講ㄛ撓綱岆模穸彶婓薊堊嬪阨400%眕奻腔傖爛腔拻捷......甜坻蠅秪鞣俶撞瓷奧衄魂雄癹秶腔褫夔俶岆捷嗣﹝ 藝弊腴彶傖爛遞陑婄瓷﹜昒續瓷﹜笢瑞睿坳鞣俶撞瓷腔掀薹珩掀蜓啥腔藝弊詢ㄗWoolf脹ㄛ2015爛ㄘ﹝§

 

扦頗腔翩艙袨錶ㄛ褫眕籵徹夤舷撓跺秪匼懂算講ㄛ茪嫁侚厗薹﹜啎忭韜﹜滔纖薹脹ㄛ載祥蚚佽嗣笱陑燴翩艙秪匼賸﹝婓涴爵ㄛ扂蠅潠猁華艘珨狟笢謗跺ㄛ撈茪嫁侚厗薹睿啎忭韜ㄗ謗氪飲迵勍嗣坳秪匼眈壽ㄘ﹝婌婓1901爛婓荎弊埮親楷桶腔旃噶桶隴ㄛ論撰船梗﹜汜魂沭璃睿茪嫁侚厗薹衄隴珆眈壽腔耀宒﹝婓荎弊埮親輛俴賸珨砐旃噶ㄛ彶摩賸跺祥肮馱論撰极腔茪嫁侚厗薹訧蹋﹝涴跺极跦擂汜魂沭璃睿彶祥肮ㄛ郔腔汜魂婓郔狫晜睿郔茧撥腔沭璃狟﹝

 

婓珨虳郔華ㄛ茪嫁侚厗薹郔詢ㄛ峈藩1 000靡魂莉茪嫁笢衄247侚厗ㄛ藩1 000魂莉茪嫁笢衄184侚厗ㄛ眕摯藩1 000魂莉茪嫁笢峈173侚厗﹝旃噶硌堤ㄛ懈蛂婓郔賞﹜郔祥茧撥腔苤睿模穸腔鼠昢埜腔茪嫁侚厗薹峈94﹝勤21岍槨諳腔旃噶課尨賸眈肮腔眈壽俶﹝跦擂2001爛楷桶腔珨砐旃噶ㄛ"2000爛婓荎跡擘睿哏嫌尪ㄛ婓虜扽衾階撰扦頗論脯腔魂莉茪嫁笢ㄛ茪嫁侚厗薹峈藩1 000侚厗3.7ㄛ汜衾婓郔菁脯扦頗腔茪嫁ㄛ侚厗薹峈8.1﹝婓等旯譫笢ㄛ涴珨掀薹峈7.6.." ㄗ弊模苀數擁ㄛ2001爛ㄘ﹝

 

啎忭韜珩岆算講諳淕极翩艙袨錶腔翋猁硌梓﹝跦擂岍賜怹汜郪眽ㄗWHOㄘ腔杅擂ㄛ歙啎忭韜峈72呡﹝垀衄啎忭韜郔酗腔弊模飲弇衾控窒ㄛ掛睿眅誠84呡眕奻, 弇懈埤忑ㄛ奧垀衄忭韜郔傻腔弊模飲弇衾鰍窒﹝笢準僕睿弊腔歙啎忭韜峈52.8呡﹝

 

跦擂拸絨巖腔弊頗旃噶擁ㄗ鬲親佴[Isaacs]睿湛爵[Choudary]2017爛ㄘ腔惆豢ㄛ婓藝弊ㄛ"1960爛堤汜腔鹹俶ㄛ彶郔詢腔拻煦眳珨腔ㄛ忭韜褫夔掀彶郔腴腔拻煦眳珨腔鹹俶酗12.7"﹝垀衄涴虳飲桶隴ㄛ珨啜懂佽ㄗ壺跺梗瞰俋ㄘㄛ埣ㄛ坻蠅啎腔翩艙憩埣船;奧ㄛ埣蜓ㄛ坻蠅褫眕啎腔翩艙埣疑﹝朼祫衄痐擂桶隴ㄛ婓1%腔笢潔ㄛ奻圉窒煦掀狟圉窒煦腔翩艙載疑﹝

 

笱逜睿翩艙

笱逜珩迵翩艙睿撞瓷躇眈壽ㄛ筍眈壽俶掀論撰屾﹝準砡藝弊腔啎忭韜掀啞腴腕嗣ㄛ奧茪嫁侚厗薹詢衾啞﹝藝弊腔軞啎忭韜埮峈78呡﹝湮嗣杅旃噶楷珋啞睿窪眳潔珨啜衄4-5爛腔船擒﹝鹹俶窪歙忭韜掀鹹俶啞屾9爛酘衵﹝婓藝弊ㄛ跦擂撞瓷諷秶笢陑ㄗCDCㄘ腔訧蹋ㄛ準砡藝弊腔茪嫁侚厗薹ㄗ啃煦掀ㄘㄗ眕茪嫁婓珨呡拸楊湔魂腔杅懂算講ㄘㄛ峈11.4%ㄛ奧啞腔侚厗薹峈4.9%

 

衄伎笱苤腔蠅翩艙袨錶祥槽ㄛ涴跺錶毀茬賸窪﹜嶺間﹜捚粔睿芩翍笱逜睿論撰腔笭詞ㄛ坻蠅橈湮嗣杅岆馱論撰ㄛ婓勦斪笢垀梩掀瞰徹詢﹝跦擂梓袧訧蹋摩ㄛ窪睿嶺間砡汜魂婓嬪笢腔褫夔俶岆啞腔捷ㄗ徹撓爛湮窒煦奀潔ㄛ窪睿嶺間砡腔嬪薹珨眻婓25%酘衵ㄛ奧啞腔嬪薹峈8%ㄘ﹝窪腔昒續瓷楷瓷薹堈堈詢衾啞ㄛ奧昒續瓷寀妏醱還隴珆腔夢袨瓷馮瑞玸﹝旃噶桶隴ㄛ笱逜迵翩艙眳潔腔薊炵衾論撰迵翩艙眳潔腔壽炵﹝遙曆趕佽ㄛ".詢彶腔窪﹜昹啤挴砡睿藝粔埻蛂鏍掀彶誕屾腔眈茼极傖埜腔翩艙載疑ㄛ奧涴笱彶枍僅肮翩艙腔薊炵ㄛ侔綱掀坻蠅腔笱逜麼鏍逜載﹝ㄗ傑庈旃噶垀[Urban Institute]2015爛ㄘ﹝

 

準砡藝弊腔詢潼輦薹珩頗絳祡窪苤腔覜薹睿侚厗薹奻汔ㄛ秪峈潼郜岆換瓷換畦腔恲散ㄛ奧潼郜瓟埏載羶衄夔薯茼葆芼蚇腔瓷﹝婓涴棒峉儂笢ㄛ衄伎笱婓迵跪撰怹汜悵翩馱釬氪ㄗ婦嬤迵瓟汜ㄘ腔誑雄笢ㄛ冪盪賸湮講源宒腔恅趙笱逜翋砱ㄛ蔚樟哿填趙衄伎笱腔袨錶﹝奧ㄛ迵嬪﹜茠欱祥謎睿祥脹衄壽腔垀衄恀枙ㄛ婓祥怹汜睿茧撥腔痄鏍憶隱笢陑褫夔頗孺湮﹝

 

 

論撰笱逜睿 COVID-19

夢袨瓷馮腔杻忷俶蔚樓曄論撰睿笱逜船祑﹝瞰ㄛ鴃奪婓湮傑庈笢陑垀衄論撰腔飲妏蚚鼠僕蝠籵ㄛ筍婓議虳華ㄛ櫛雄鏍載衄褫夔傚釴鼠僕蝠籵馱撿ㄛ奧誕屾褫夔恁寁赻撩毅妡陬ㄛ涴妏腕坻蠅載眢忳善覜﹝瞰ㄛ婓譙嫌挋價腔窪苤ㄛ藩誧腔陬茧衄薹峈20-30%ㄛ奧啞睿蜓啥華腔陬茧衄薹峈90%﹝▲臟埮奀惆◎330腔珨恅梒硌堤ㄛ婓髦觴腔菁杻薺ㄛ蠅瞳蚚酗芴鼠僕蝠籵植茧撥腔誰奻啤ㄛ褫夔岆跺秪匼ㄛ絳祡婓窪﹜馱郇論脯躇摩腔腔傑庈爵夢袨瓷馮覜芼慾崝﹝衄珨虳庈瓮ㄛ饒爵湮窒煦腔拸楊妏蚚蝠籵馱撿ㄛ婓涴虳華源ㄛ勤陬囀埜祥狟陬奧輛俴陔夢瓷馮聆彸腔虴彆頗掀誕船﹝

        壽衾婓湮霜俴潔論撰﹜眥珛睿赻扂路燭夔薯眕摯悵厥假擒燭腔杅擂眒冪颯晤俇救﹝43腔▲臟埮奀惆◎厙釐唳惆絳ㄛ1500勀秷夔忒儂妏蚚氪痄雄陓洘珆尨賸隴珆腔眥珛睿論撰煦赫ㄗ▲臟埮奀惆◎恅梒羶衄枒蹦喲欴恀枙ㄘ﹝※淕跺藝弊ㄛ勍嗣腴彶馱樟哿侐揭軗雄ㄛ奧饒虳蚻載嗣腔腔寀渭婓模爵ㄛ旌轎諉揖夢袨瓷馮§﹝瞰ㄛ※郔蜓衄腔ㄛ饒虳彶郔詢腔10%腔ㄛ掀肮珨湮飲庈郔菁脯腔10%腔載癹秶赻撩腔俴雄﹝§

跦擂弇衾繚眢佴假饒笣陲鰍窒腔珨跺旃噶苤郪訧蹋笢陑腔旃噶ㄛ※勤彶睿嬪腔嘛講褫眕桶隴ㄛ苤婓嗣湮最僅奻夔劂傖髡華郩忐COVID-19遣賤渠囥ㄗ&渾婓模爵§睿※路燭汜瓷腔模穸傖埜*ㄘ﹝ㄗ訧蹋笢陑ㄛ2020 3 25 ㄘ§ 訧蹋笢陑忑炟諳苀數埜鬲嫌伬﹞應珖ㄗAllison Plyerㄘ豢咂▲陔兜嫌謎怮栠珂惆◎ㄗ202043ㄘㄛ※汜魂婓嬪笢奀ㄛ坻蠅蛂腕載輪ㄛ褫夔衄侐跺蛂婓珨懈弅腔滇赽爵ㄛ§坻佽ㄛ※涴砩庤覂竭麵路燭﹝瓷馮換畦腔珨跺翋猁源宒岆模穸傖埜潔腔換畦﹝§鍚珨源醱ㄛ笢莉論撰腔啞鍰厘厘蛂婓載湮腔汜魂諾潔爵﹝婓20岍槨90爛測ㄛ陔膘腔滇挌醱儅植1800荎喜埲汔祫2400荎喜ㄛ枑鼎賸載嗣腔諾潔路燭汜瓷腔模穸傖埜ㄗFrank2015爛ㄘ﹝劃鎗涴虳滇挌腔ㄛ竭褫夔岆菴僇奻傷睿菴侐僇狟傷腔蠅﹝

 

﹜衄伎笱麼謗氪潭奧衄眳ㄛ妏珨跺載衄褫夔拸模褫寥ㄛ麼蛂婓猾敕苤腔拸模褫寥氪彶垀﹝湮講睿芼腔囮珛睿腴馱訧ㄛ杻梗岆婓詢逤踢華ㄛ崝樓賸蠅汜魂婓茧撥腔汜魂諾潔腔褫夔俶ㄛ妏腕峎厥扦蝠擒燭杻梗嬪麵﹝跦擂勍嗣秏洘懂埭ㄛ婓涴笱踡桲奀ㄛ汜魂婓猾敕腔諾潔ㄛ珩妏蜀躓醱還模穸惟薯腔載湮瑞玸ㄛ涴虳秏洘懂埭ㄛ暮翹賸杻梗迵COVID-19峉儂衄壽腔ㄛ渀勤蜀躓睿肮俶蟋邧俶蟋氪ㄗLGBTQㄘ腔惟薯俴峈慾崝ㄛㄗ▲怹惆◎ㄛ202043ㄘ﹝https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/apr/03/coronavirus-quarantine-abuse-domestic-violence

 

肮欴ㄛ肮啞鍰馱釬氪眈掀ㄛ懦鍰馱厘厘馱釬婓載躇摩腔部垀ㄗ珨虳俶梗倰眥珛腔"煨綻鍰"馱釬ㄛ贈抎馱釬ㄛ珩蛌痄善堈華源ㄛ奧坳馱釬ㄛ滇挌賞馱釬寀羶衄ㄘ﹝婓醴錶狟ㄛ啞鍰埜馱植岈腔湮講厙奻馱釬眒冪蛌痄善戺巠腔模穸ㄗ瓟谿陔夢瓷馮遞氪腔詢郇瓟汜馱釬岆珨跺瞰俋ㄘㄛ奧馱論撰睿湮嗣杅衄伎笱植岈腔懦馱釬ㄛ祥夔婓模爵酕ㄛ涴絳祡珨虳囮珛ㄛ奧鍚俋腔寀婓峉玸沭璃狟馱釬腔錶﹝

 

杅趼箄僱妏勍嗣睿觼游櫛雄鏍眕摯衄伎笱拸楊鳳腕誑薊厙麼詢窐講腔誑薊厙ㄛ麼氪數呾儂﹜秷夔忒儂﹜啣數呾儂脹ㄛ坻蠅衄褫夔腕祥善郔疑睿郔陔腔翩艙眈壽陓洘﹝涴珩囷漲賸坻蠅躲呴悝苺諒悝馱釬祭極腔夔薯ㄛ珋婓涴笱諒悝馱釬眒冪蛌砃堈最婓盄倛宒ㄛ涴蔚輛珨祭樓曄論撰睿笱逜諒郤源醱腔祥脹﹝跦擂藝弊諳脤ㄛ12%腔藝弊模穸羶衄誑薊厙諉﹝陔兜嫌謎庈硐衄61%腔模穸茧衄遵湍ㄛ蜆庈淕极嬪薹峈23.8%2018爛ㄘㄛ 奧婈忳COVID-19腔湖僻郔湮﹝20%腔羶衄睡誑薊厙蟀諉ㄗ訧蹋笢陑ㄛ2020爛ㄘ﹝

 

擂繚眢佴假饒笣訧蹋笢陑賡庄ㄛ笢弊挕犖腔楷瓷薹婌旃噶"眒冪脤隴賸詢悛揤﹜昒續瓷......夢陑瓷﹜鞣俶郯俶煎瓷ㄗCOPD每籵都迵柲捈衄壽ㄘ﹜鞣俶朳瓷睿骨痌釬峈啎珂湔婓腔翩艙恀枙ㄛ褫夔頗崝樓COVID-19覜氪堤珋旆笭賦彆腔褫夔俶"ㄗ訧蹋笢陑ㄛ2020;栦ㄛ2020爛ㄘ﹝準砡藝弊ㄛ眕摯跪跺笱逜腔腴彶ㄛ飲旮忳漲﹝菁杻薺湮埮煦眳珨腔準粔砡藝弊遞衄祄揚睿昒續瓷﹝

諒郤迵論撰笭詞ㄛ鴃奪諒郤岆翩艙腔掀誕黃蕾腔秪匼ㄛ筍諒郤岆迵論撰眈壽腔翩艙睿扦頗祥脹腔鍚珨跺剿脯盄﹝醴ㄛ12%腔藝弊諳羶衄詢笢恅ㄛ65%羶衄湮悝悝弇﹝32%腔啞傖爛茧衄湮悝悝弇ㄛ奧硐衄16%腔窪睿9%腔嶺間砡茧衄湮悝悝弇﹝

 

ㄛ拸蹦崋繫算講ㄛ籵都圈呴覂茠欱祥謎ㄛ涴毀徹懂衱勤勍嗣ㄗ彆祥岆垀衄ㄘ翩艙渠囥衄蛹醱荌砒﹝涴拸疶荌砒善茪嫁侚厗薹睿郔笝腔啎忭韜﹝茠欱祥謎迵論撰睿笱逜祥脹衄壽ㄛ竭褫夔岆衄壽夢袨瓷馮腔珨跺笭猁秪匼﹝撈妏岆珨虳婓網柲儂傻腔錶狟ㄛ蕉藉阰蚥珂妏蚚網柲儂腔淉習ㄛ珩頗毀茬堤論撰睿笱逜祥脹﹝藝弊衄盄萇弝陔恓厙ㄗCNN327婓厙奻楷桶腔珨恅梒備ㄛ珨猾懂猾陓峈ㄛ※遞衄旆笭陑婄﹜煎﹜朳麼裕迉賠﹜旆笭斐夼麼尥夼麼俀骨痌腔遞氪ㄛ褫夔羶衄訧跡諉忳網柲儂麼ICU誘燴﹝§眈毀ㄛ涴虳遞氪蔚諉忳"构芫諷秶睿假怷渠囥"﹝涴虳沭璃婓腴彶論脯睿衄伎笱苤笢載峈梢﹝

 

翩艙誘燴炵苀腔妏蚚

藝弊岆控源弊模笢峔珨羶衄鏍瓟谿极炵腔弊模﹝婓藝弊ㄛ氪睿諉輪腔竭褫夔羶衄瓟谿悵玸ㄛ秪峈湮嗣杅鍰瓟谿悵玸腔藝弊ㄛ坻蠅馱釬部垀腔嗶埜閉徹250ㄛ奧衄伎笱馱載衄褫夔婓祥枑鼎悵玸腔苤倰珛馱釬﹝植燴蹦奻蔡ㄛ囮珛﹜憩珛祥逋睿祥砅衄兜匙鎮瓟悵ㄗACAㄘ腔苤珛腔馱釬氪蔚衄訧跡鳳腕瓟谿硃翑ㄛ筍勍嗣掩齬壺婓俋ㄛ窒煦埻秪岆瓟谿硃翑掩祅熬ㄛ僕睿絨笣酗擇橈薊堊淉葬孺湮瓟谿硃翑數赫腔枑祜﹝

        椰隅鳳腕悵翩督昢頗囷漲淕极翩艙ㄛ甜褫夔祅轎砮炵苀ㄛ秪森ㄛ羶衄隅鳳腕怹汜悵翩腔論脯ㄛ褫夔載眢忳善瓷馮腔覜ㄛ甜婈忳郔旆笭腔荌砒﹝

 

秪森ㄛ論撰赫煦奻腔翩艙祥脹腔翋猁埻秪ㄛ侔綱岆鳳腕悵翩腔儂頗忳善癹秶ㄛ坳絞婓論撰睿翩艙船擒源醱覂竭湮腔釬蚚﹝奧ㄛ控源坳脹撰煦隴腔訧掛翋砱弊模飲湔婓旆笭腔翩艙祥脹ㄛ筍涴虳弊模飲衄鏍悵翩极炵﹝郔輪衄惆絳備ㄛ荎弊衄鏍瓟悵ㄛ價攝ㄗGINIㄘ硌杅腴衾藝弊ㄗ價攝硌杅0.35ㄛ藝弊峈0.49ㄘㄛ筍眈絞褫夤ㄛ荎弊詢彶論脯腔忭韜掀櫛雄鏍睿腔忭韜酗10爛﹝噶埻秪ㄛ嗣笱嗣欴ㄛ祥夔婓森窒煦昴ㄛ筍荎弊腔瞰赽桶隴ㄛ論撰祥脹腔輓俶窐睿旆笭祥鼠俶腔旮僅睿嫘僅﹝

 

藝弊椰鏍瓟谿极炵ㄛ暫岆藝弊論撰祥脹腔极珋ㄛ珩岆馱論撰睿翩艙袨錶誕船腔埻秪﹝筍岆ㄛ荎弊蜓論脯眳潔10爛啎忭韜腔船擒ㄛ痐隴賸絞測陔訧掛翋砱摹曄煦脯腔扦頗腔祥脹最僅﹝垀衄涴虳飲砩庤覂ㄛ秪峈揭衾袨怓﹜衄伎笱睿/麼馱郇論脯婓"淏都"奀醱還眥珛翩艙峉漲ㄛ婓醴腔峉儂笢錶載媎ㄛ涴岆勤陔赻蚕翋砱訧掛翋砱扦頗腔旮旮諷咂﹝嗣爛懂ㄛ掘忳斯癱腔詢窐講砩湮瞳瓟谿极炵ㄛ珨眻忳善陔赻蚕翋砱宒鼠僕怹汜冪煤腔祅熬ㄛ旆笭樓曄賸COVID-19峉儂﹝

 

跦擂珨壽衾砩湮瞳峉儂腔郔輪恅梒ㄩ

扂蠅腔悵翩炵苀掩坋爛腔訧踢睿冪煤祅熬垀籓耰ㄛ眒冪剞祥膩賸﹝370砬韁啋掩祅熬ㄛ7勀嗣桲散秏囮衾拸倛﹝醴ㄛICU瓷散杅講躺峈5090桲ㄛ奧怹汜窒桶尨ㄛ猁茼勤峉儂ㄛ遜剒猁2 500ICU瓷散﹝散弇迵諳腔掀薹醴峈3.6/1000ㄛ腴衾1998爛腔5.8/1000. . .郔綴筍甜準郔祥笭猁腔珨萸ㄛ呴覂陔赻蚕翋砱祅熬渠囥腔妗囥ㄛ涴珨秶僅祔煦汃善郖奪燴笢ㄛ湖賸弊模奪燴ㄛ郯鬼賸弊模喉訧极炵﹝涴絳祡冪撳誕腔華鳳腕載嗣腔訧埭ㄛ奧誕腔華寀邈婓綴醱﹝載媎詹腔岆ㄛ輪爛懂ㄛ鼠僕笙淉盓厥眒冪霜賸祔袕湮腔佌瓟谿悵翩炵苀﹝秪森ㄛ砩湮瞳腔瓟谿悵翩炵苀婓峉儂懂炷奀羶衄酕疑茼勤袧掘﹝撈晞森ㄛ砩湮瞳怹汜炵苀郔湮腔蚥岊婓衾岆珨跺等珨腔盓葆氪极炵...(屙縐[Zecca] ※Covid-19 opens up a new political period in Italyㄘ﹝

 

荎弊﹜楊弊睿坳華源珩楷汜賸濬侔腔湮盟祅熬鼠僕怹汜炵苀啎呾腔錶ㄛ涴虳腦瞳弊模眕飲岆扦頗鏍翋腔"植牷擎善煥贏"腔腦瞳弊模ㄛ珋婓涴虳腦瞳弊模喃喇覂陔夢瓷馮遞氪﹝

 

COVID-19砮垀課尨腔ㄛ郔蜓啥弊模腔旆笭扦頗祥脹﹜賦凳俶瓟谿悵翩祥脹睿勤瓟谿极炵啎呾腔陔赻蚕翋砱祅熬祡韜賦磁ㄛ衄薯華芼珆賸皎攝﹞氿肅佴ㄗBernie Sandersㄘ軞苀噥恁詼鍰笢腔瞄陑猁萸腔斛猁俶睿摯奀俶ㄩ鏍瓟悵ㄛ甜籵徹濛輛阭1%10%20%腔涽彶奧勤笙蜓睿彶婬煦饜﹝坻壽衾轎煤湮悝諒郤腔膘祜珩岆斛祥褫屾腔ㄛ秪峈淏涴爵垀膘祜腔饒欴ㄛ諒郤迵翩艙珩躇眈壽﹝

 

呥扦頗鏍翋源偶蔚賤樵彶祥脹睿椰鏍悵翩秶僅腔邧笭恀枙ㄛ筍涴爵衙扴腔論撰祥脹迵翩艙眳潔腔踡躇薊炵桶隴ㄛ論撰煦趙腔湔婓ㄛ秪奧論撰扦頗掛旯祥褫旌轎華婀嗤賸扦頗湮嗣杅翩艙汜魂腔忒僇﹝COVID-19峉儂惟繞堤腔論撰祥脹ㄛ砩庤覂硐衄秏壺嬪睿摹曄坫苤扦頗祥脹ㄛ符夔峈華奻垀衄鏍枑鼎假睿翩艙腔汜魂ㄛ涴笱錶硐衄婓扦頗翋砱沭璃狟符夔楷汜﹝

統蕉杅擂:

Data Center. 2020. ※Demographics of New Orleans and early COVID-19 Hot Spots in the U.S.§

Frank, Robert H. 2015. Inequality Matters: The Growing Economic Divide in America and it Poisonous Consequences. New York: New Press.

Isaacs, Katelin, and Choudary, Sharmila. 2017. ※The Growing Gap in Life Expectancy by Income: Recent Evidence and Implications for the Social Security Retirement Age.§ Urban Institute.

National Statistics, (Winter 2001) ※Infant and Perinatal Mortality by Social and Biological Factors, 2000,§ Health Statistics Quarterly.

Rowntree, B.S. 2001. ※Poverty: A Study of Town Life (1901),§ in Poverty, Inequality, and Health in Britain, 1800每2000: A Reader , ed. G. Davey Smith, D. Dorling, and M. Shaw (Bristol, England: Policy Press), 97每106.

R.G. Wilkinson , Unhealthy Societies: The Afflictions of Inequality (London: Routledge, 1996 ).

〞每 Wilkinson, Richard and Pickett, Kate. 2008. ※Income Inequality and Socioeconomic Gradients in Mortality§. American Journal of Public Health. 2008 April; 98(4): 699每704.

Woolf, Steven H., Aron, l., Dubay, L., Simon, S., Zimmerman, E., Luk, K. April, 2015. ※How Are Income and Wealth Linked to Health and Longevity?§ Center on Society and Health.

Woolf, Steven H., Aron, l., Dubay, L., Simon, S., Zimmerman, E., Luk, K. April, 2015. ※How Are Income and Wealth Linked to Health and Longevity?§ Center on Society and Health.

Yang, J., Zheng, Y., Gou, X., Pu, K., Chen, Z., Guo, Q., # & Zhou, Y. (2020). ※Prevalence of comorbidities in the novel Wuhan coronavirus (COVID-19) infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis.§ International Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Zecca, Antonello. 2020. ※COVID 19 Opens up a New Political Period in Italy§.

 

掛恅祒赻: 弊暱夤萸2020415ㄛ

www.internationalviewpoint.org/spip.php?page=imprimir_articulo&id_article=6528 5/