緊誶腔淉笥

捚絞舜豐禎痲菱

 

2018108ㄛ婓岍賜謗傷ㄛ哫票賸邧笭婐漲秏洘ㄩ

婓匙昹ㄛ植菴珨謫軞苀恁撼羲宎數ㄛ樂嫌痔嫌坰馨蹕ㄗJair Bolsonaroㄘ荇腕賸46ㄔ腔恁-逋眕桶隴坻竭褫夔婓笚綴鳳腕菴媼謫吨瞳﹝

婓澈弊捶ㄛ淉葬潔緊曹趙蚳藷巹埜頗ㄗIPCCㄘ蠹繞杻梗惆豢腔賦蹦ㄩ猁蔚曹轡癹秶婓1.5~C眕狟,剕婓絞測奀潔囀ㄛ猁扦頗跪源醱輛俴捃厒ㄛ旮堈睿垀帤衄腔曹趙§ [1]

涴岆眭妎煦赽扈夤腔梓祩俶奀覦﹝ 扂蠅蔚剒猁輛俴毀衵秫鏍逜翋砱腔須淰ㄛ渥啖毀雄腔緊淉習甜粒燴秷腔酕楊ㄛ涴欴腔呡堎岆扂蠅垀羶衄徹腔﹝呴覂奀潔腔霜岒ㄛ涴謗笱婐麵蝠眈隙嚏誑雄ㄛ藩珨跺飲妏腕鍚珨跺載麵賤樵﹝[2]

蚕衾緊曹趙翑酗珋妗笢睿砑砓笢腔扦頗踡摹錶ㄛ婓椰價衾笲腔芶賦淉笥腔錶狟ㄛ價衾謁曉ㄛ網郚妏珨跺苤鳳腕訧埭眕萋郘坳苤腔剒ㄛ竘賸勍嗣腔僕霪﹝絞ㄛ絊匙燮衪祜眳濬腔笢潔翋砱渠囥植懂飲祥岆敵軑洷咡腔燴蚕撈妏斐婖涴虳渠囥腔岍賜淉笥甜帤秪衵秫鏍逜翋砱腔倓奧掩纔﹝

痔嫌坰馨蹕眻諉渀勤捚鎮挶迾輿睿懈蛂婓饒腔芩翍苤﹝ 坻奻綴祥壅ㄛ憩扰俴淉韜鍔ㄛ蔚勤芩翍悵誘腔潼奪痄蝠跤觼珛窒ㄛ蜆窒忳秶衾觼珛腔瞳祔ㄛ鴃奪森撼綴懂婓弊頗忳善渥殏﹝婓坻絞恁腔嘆敃狟ㄛ杻梗岆婓芘盓堔坻腔華ㄛ惟芺芶鳴腔準楊興極睿謨嗤魂雄崝樓賸ㄛ勤芩翍苤腔炷僻珩崝樓賸﹝

痔嫌坰馨蹕淉葬傖埜眒砃準芩翍鏍羲溫觼珛睿粒鄴ㄛ峈涴蔚妏芩翍鏍植芩華笢鳳腕冪撳瞳祔﹝詢撰嘈恀兜嘉佴迖禎毚霾驚濘嶺蔚濂ㄗGeneral Augusto Heleno Pereiraㄘ瘁捚鎮挶岆岍賜疻莉腔艘楊ㄛ網郚楷桯甜翋桲捚鎮挶茼蚕匙昹揭燴眕婖腦匙昹﹝§ [3]

竭麵梑善載朐腔瞰赽ㄛ佽隴渴峎慇峎ㄗDavid Harveyㄘ垀彖腔籵徹梩衄奧儅濛§ㄛ婓涴笱錶狟ㄛ鼠僕睿赻訧埭掩冪撳眕俋腔忒僇ㄗ衄奀岆楊俋忒僇ㄘ樓眕涽蚚ㄛ眕棻妏輛珨祭腔羲楷﹝[4]

慇峎峈ㄛ磁楊淏寞華婀祅馱腔櫛雄硐岆訧掛儅濛腔雄薯眳珨ㄛ淏婓輛俴腔訧掛翋砱輛最珩甡懇衾鎮親佷垀彖埻宎儅濛§ㄛ撈籵徹鼠僕昜佌衄趙ㄛ濂岈睿袧濂岈涽蚚眕摯聒脹忒僇儅濛訧掛﹝

慇峎翋猁妏蚚森衙癩懂煦昴陔赻蚕翋砱淉習ㄗ瞰佌衄趙睿踢趙ㄘ腔雄怓ㄛ筍侔綱肮欴巠蚚衾跪笱佌瞳祔ㄗ籵都迵弊模淉葬囀窒腔猁匼衄躇薊炵ㄘ醱勤緊峉儂腔奀緊ㄛ眕磁楊騰祫楊俋忒僇梩衄赻訧埭﹝

 

訧埭謨嗤婈郣緊瘁

婓毓峓囀ㄛ痔嫌坰馨蹕腔隴祜最岆謨嗤岍賜赻訧埭ㄛ甜悵扂蠅§腔汜湔睿笙蜓ㄛ勤蕨迵緊曹趙衄壽腔坻蠅§ㄛ涴祜最祥岆嗽蕾腔恀枙ㄛ奧岆鏍逜翋砱憤衵秫緊迵華珨曹趙腔源楊﹝

換苀奻ㄛ緊曹趙魂雄煦赽猁岍賜倳妎善緊曹趙腔珋妗ㄛ奧瘁緊曹趙氪寀蔚赻撩腔芛鎚婓伈赽爵﹝珨虳湮倰坒蚐鼠侗睿馱珛拹珛徹嫦衾督麼枑釩緊曹趙瘁翋砱ㄛ踏ㄛ眒冪諉忳遣賤遠噫囷漲甜婓訧掛翋砱秶僅狟勤隅歎腔逄晟ㄛ奧瘁緊曹趙翋砱寀傖峈砉昄馨肅杻檄ㄗDonald Trumpㄘ涴欴腔鼠羲惆喫氪腔敏誘垀﹝

奧ㄛ撈妏勤衾坻蠅懂佽ㄛ瘁緊曹趙翋砱珩眒冪傖峈苤赽忳笲腔陓洘---刐雄價脯腔ㄛ奧婓坻蠅腔掖綴ㄛ坻蠅竘絳覂謨嗤俶腔儅濛倛宒﹝ 勤衾勍嗣砃衾陔楊昹佴翋砱麼衵秫鏍逜翋砱腔翋猁扦頗芶极懂佽ㄛ醱勤緊曹趙腔珋妗ㄛ迵佽岆郯砦緊曹趙ㄛ祥佽岆淰淉笥睿冪撳薯ㄛ峎誘訧埭諷秶睿樹載嗣﹝

呴覂峈揖楷腔緊曹趙腔樓厒ㄛ冪撳楷桯§睿膘蕾訧埭諷秶釬峈緊淰梁腔源楊ㄛ傖賸絞昢眳摹ㄛ曹腕埣懂埣鼠羲﹝

瞰ㄛ憩婓淉葬潔緊曹趙蚳藷巹埜頗ㄗIPCCㄘ惆豢楷票撓笚ㄛ杻檄淉葬腔弊模鼠繚蝠籵假奪燴擁楷票惆豢ㄛ樑扢善2100爛恲僅蔚汔詢湛善儐腔4~Cㄗ閉徹7貌庌僅ㄘㄛ[5] 盓厥杻檄雲賦薊堊蚐虴薹梓袧腔樵隅﹝

弊模鼠繚蝠籵假奪燴擁ㄗNHTSAㄘ砩妎善蔚緊曹趙腔囷漲癹秶婓1.5~C囀剒猁扦頗跪源醱輛俴捃厒旮堈睿垀帤衄腔曹趙---甜腕堤賦蹦ㄛ暫珆涴祥頗楷汜ㄛ扂蠅祥溥樟哿輛ㄛ樟哿尥趙坒蹋ㄛ秪峈眈勤遵侂腔藝弊蚐虴薹梓袧垀婖傖腔軞崝酗盟僅竭苤﹝

肮欴婓拻堎ㄛ弊昢闐親鷥驚兜ㄗMike Pompeoㄘ枑堤ㄛ控憤趙腔漆梨祥岆峉儂ㄛ奧岆捚粔迵昹源眳潔籀眢腔儂頗ㄛ筍枑岆昹源弊模斛剕粒彆剿俴雄ㄛ迵塘蹕佴睿笢弊脹噥淰勤忒淰嗤鍰芩翋桲﹝[6]

夔埭窒峈淰嗤蔣砐ㄛ樵隅蔚芢砃郔憤傷ㄛ夔埭窒眒羲宎蔚趙坒蹋備峈砃岍賜堤諳腔藝弊赻蚕煦赽§[7]

 

勤蕨毀雄腔憤傷翋砱

絞ㄛ婓鏍逜翋砱弊模啋忑睿跪笱祥肮倛宒腔厙釐憤傷翋砱氪眳潔ㄛ勤緊曹趙珋妗腔憤衵秫砒茼岆祥肮腔﹝婓憤衵秫笱逜鏢橈腔晚埽ㄛ汜怓楊昹佴翋砱岆陔倓岊﹝ 20193堎臟昹擘價飭傑僻岈璃笢斑賸珋妗岍賜﹝扞忒腔哫晟蔚赻撩隅峈笱逜鏍逜翋砱氪ㄛ汜怓楊昹佴翋砱氪§

鴃奪遠噫慾輛煦赽朼祫汜怓謁窕煦赽籵都岆蚕酘巖莉汜腔砩妎倛怓雄腔ㄛ筍汜怓楊昹佴翋砱蔚旮脯汜怓悝腔佷砑竘賸啞鏍逜翋砱歎硉极炵﹝

汜怓楊昹佴翋砱氪楷桯毀痄鏍倛宒腔寰汜竻豐燴§ㄛ峈笱逜茼蜆隱婓換苀模埶笢ㄛ扦頗茼蜆粒蚚曾匼妘ㄛ馱珛趙腔汜魂源宒ㄛ奧醱勤遠噫推壓ㄛ茼蜆埰勍蠅侚厗﹝

煉擘砃楊昹佴汜怓蹦腔訧旮汜怓悝模鱖菱輿褪嶺ㄗPentti Linkolaㄘ恀耋ㄩ蜆崋繫域ˋ§絞珨刳婥衄珨啃靡傚諦腔摒芼葡奧硐衄珨刳寰汜竻奀ㄛ崋繫域ˋ 絞寰汜竻眒雛奀ㄛ饒虳枒栖汜韜腔頗彸芞寰汜竻蚾婥載嗣腔﹝ 饒虳乾睿郬笭汜韜腔蔚蚰蛂摒腔葦芛ㄛ剿梜婓摒珫奻腔嗣豻腔忒﹝§ [8]

祥麵硌堤涴笱蹦萸湔婓隴珆腔穫嗎ㄛ瞰ㄛ絞啞鏍逜翋砱氪哫備勤凰湮瞳捚麼臟昹擘脹硈鏍華茧衄赻苀笥奀﹝涴爵腔笭萸岆淩勤渾涴虳砑楊ㄛ奧祥岆蔚弝峈斛剕隙湘腔歎硉极炵ㄛ茼蔚弝峈砩妎倛怓痌﹝

鴃奪撈妏岆郔衵秫腔祜頗絨巖珩擇橈湮寞耀僻岈璃ㄛ筍婓韁粔控藝睿凰湮瞳捚翋霜淉笥豗蹦笢ㄛ埣懂埣茞腔毀痄鏍晟蹦呏俴ㄛ岍賜誑薊厙腔秝做褒邈腕善嘆療甜粒俴雄﹝坻蠅腔鍾覜懂赻藝弊祥怮鼠羲腔湮寞耀淉笥俶忒眕摯砉ISIS腔儕籵羸极腔閉撰惟薯謁窕煦赽﹝汜怓楊昹佴翋砱睿撿衄汜怓砩妎腔啞鏍逜翋砱衵秫腔儕潠§倛宒褫眕僥嘐婓憤衵秫捚恅趙笢腔華弇﹝[9]

 

扦頗揤薯傚杅

緊曹趙腔荌砒眒冪樓曄扦頗揤薯ㄛ妏湮講痄鏍睿麵鏍霜燭囮垀﹝2007爛祫2010爛唦瞳捚腔補熊樓曄觼游嬪睿砃傑庈笢陑腔痄ㄛ涴岆絳祡2011爛砱腔秪匼ㄛ郔笝絞遜衄勍嗣坳秪匼ㄛ絳祡囀桵睿麵鏍峉儂﹝[10]

笢藝粔腔補熊妏掛懂竭嬪腔華腔汜魂載樓潸麵﹝啎數譁樓嶺弊蔚婈忳緊曹趙ㄛ旆笭粹婐腔湖僻ㄛ奧懂赻邋菟腔蹕倓捚麵鏍懈蛂腔蕉親佴摩庈華褫夔杻梗毯﹝

荂僅洷咡撫瑞撫誹衄垀蜊曹﹝親妦譙嫌恲奻汔睿阨訧埭傻褫夔頗樓曄荂匙踡桲擁岊﹝[11]

啎數控準蔚頗曹腕埣懂埣補﹝補熊睿襄妘傻樓曄湛嫌蜓嫌鰓摯瞳捚睿坰鎮爵腔峉儂﹝輻悝褪腔悝氪苤郪婓2009爛峈ㄛ緊曹趙褫夔絳祡慇嶺眕鰍準粔腔挕蚾喳芼崝樓50ㄔ眕奻﹝[12]

彆蔚杻隅腔喳芼翋猁寥憑衾緊曹趙ㄛ饒蔚岆渣昫腔ㄛ婓笢傻囀濬載眢諷秶腔珨炵蹈淉笥睿冪撳秪匼珩竭壽瑩﹝筍岆ㄛ軝夤倛岊ㄛ竭隴珆ㄛ壺準扦頗楷汜賦凳俶曹趙ㄛ瘁寀扂蠅茼蜆咡婓帤懂撓爛笢艘善載嗣奧祥岆載屾腔涴濬濬峉儂﹝

植傻睿酗懂艘ㄛ珨源醱岆痄鏍淉笥睿麵鏍峉儂ㄛ鍚珨源醱岆憤衵秫鏍逜翋砱睿陔楊昹佴翋砱淉笥倓腔峉儂ㄛ謗氪眳潔ㄛ羲宎堤珋隙嚏釬蚚﹝

瞰ㄛ昄馨肅杻檄婓噥恁潔睿童軞苀腔芛謗爛ㄛ晚賜峉儂哫換掀珋妗載蹂桲﹝ 杻檄奻奀ㄛ勤拸痐璃徹噫埜腔童陑眒衄嗣爛狟蔥ㄛ婓2007-09爛冪撳峉儂潔摯眳綴ㄛ衄湮講痄鏍霜隙弊﹝

2010爛測ㄛ蚕衾藝弊俋蝠淉習ㄛ補熊睿淉笥蔗擁腔樓曄ㄛ笢藝粔腔冪撳睿淉笥峉儂輛珨祭填趙﹝婓隙嚏釬蚚腔傻瞰赽笢ㄛ杻檄蔚蛁砩薯植藏俴輦鍔蛌砃晚噫ㄛ樓曄党膘路燭睿路燭模穸腔哏赲﹝

秏洘羲宎婓笢藝粔苤換畦ㄛ佽彆斕蠅淏婓蕉藉樓湮囑陬俴蹈ㄛ珋婓岆奀緊賸--- 婓杻檄傖髡華俇壽敕晚賜眳﹝ 垀衄涴虳飲絳祡拸痐徹噫氪摹曄崝樓ㄛ鴃奪堈腴衾2008爛腔阨[13]

婓韁粔湮窒煦華ㄛ緊曹趙ㄛ淩妗湔婓腔痄鏍麵鏍迵蚅鍾侔腔痄鏍麵鏍謗氪ㄛ眕摯憤衵秫腔淉笥眳潔腔隙嚏悜遠釬蚚眒冪眈絞羲釣ㄛ鴃奪倛宒婓淕跺湮翻奻船祑竭湮﹝荎弊豖韁腔窒煦埻秪岆喫俋陑燴ㄛ鴃奪涴窒煦渀勤腔岆陲韁扆冪撳儂頗眕摯韁襠麵鏍淉習﹝

鎮怍兜嫌峎攝ㄗMatteo Salviniㄘ婓湮瞳岊芼ㄛ秪峈坻覃茞腔厘厘岆牁曄俶腔毀痄鏍淉習ㄛ妏勤遠噫載峈衭囡腔薊襠鳴圈拻陎堍雄ㄗFive Star Movementㄘ蘾囮伎﹝

婓楊弊ㄛ弊鏍淝盄哫備赻撩岆郔湮腔等珨淉絨ㄛ撈妏淉笥翋霜褫眕芶賦懂瘁隅淩淏腔硒淉薯﹝ 絳祡酴掖陑§堍雄腔峉儂桶隴ㄛ籵徹崝樓馱睿笢莉論撰腔汜魂傖掛懂熬緊曹趙峉漲腔撮扲夥豁數褫夔頗醱還蕨祜睿鏍笲腔擇橈﹝

婓竣闔ㄛ蚕衾翋霜淉絨掛芩翋砱竣闔鏍絨ㄗnativist Danish People*s Partyㄘ茧惕喫俋陑燴ㄛ婓鏍砩聆桄笢迉邈﹝鞠堎爺ㄛ扦頗鏍翋絨籵徹盓厥毀痄鏍淉習ㄛ嗤衵秫腔汒岊ㄛ荇腕賸操湮腔吨瞳﹝[14]

婓洷幫ㄛ踢伎燮隴ㄗGolden Dawnㄘ魂雄模冪都勤痄鏍輛俴旯极馴僻﹝肮奀ㄛ勤洷幫冪撳腔嬪噫ㄛ渾堤珋睡祜頗麼笲俴雄賤樵源偶ㄛ涴欴腔洷咡眒冪秏豖ㄛ秪奧ㄛ痄鏍盓厥睿芶賦馱釬眒傖峈酘巖魂雄尪馱釬腔壽瑩傖煦﹝

倧挴瞳腔峎親嗣兜嫌啤ㄗVictor Orbán問溼藝弊啞僧邳埴倛域鼠弅ㄛ笝衾鳳腕弊暱磁楊俶ㄛ奧疏擘硒淉腔楊薺睿淏砱絨ㄗLaw and Justice Partyㄘ毀勤痄鏍腔寞寀ㄛ鴃奪疏擘竭屾獗善痄鏍麼麵鏍﹝

藝弊昹窒睿凰湮瞳捚ㄛ迵翋鼠鏍§堍雄眈壽腔毀薊堊淉葬鐘部翋睿觼游妀珛瞳祔ㄛ珨眻岆瘁緊曹趙翋砱郔澄隅腔盓厥氪﹝涴爵毀茬賸匙昹腔價掛恀枙ㄩ壽衾鼠僕芩華妏蚚腔須淰ㄛ岆堤衾鼠僕瞳祔奪燴鼠僕芩華ㄛ遜岆偌桽佌瞳祔輛俴隴秷妏蚚§ 鼠僕芩華﹝[15]

蔚趙坒蹋隱婓華狟ㄛ茼勤緊曹趙睿熊婐ㄛ眕摯郬笭芩翍翋ㄛ醱勤涴虳淰祜俶猁ㄛ庋溫鼠僕芩華輛俴郰抻麼溫鐘腔軀憮ㄛ毀茬賸婀嗤俶儅濛腔眈肮軀憮ㄩ粒珨斛猁忒僇ㄛ膘蕾勤訧埭腔諷秶ㄛ眻祫婦嬤妏蚚楊俋鏍條﹝

 

緊曹趙腔笢莉論撰趙

醱勤緊曹趙睿痄鏍蚅鍾ㄛ涽蚚睿羲楷芩華睿赻訧埭腔淉笥眕摯旆跡腔晚賜秶僅ㄛ睫磁岍賜岊芛奻汔腔憤衵萎倰﹝ 筍岆ㄛ甜祥軞岆粒蚚涴笱倛宒﹝ 珩褫眕粒緊曹趙笢莉論撰趙§腔恲睿赻蚕腔倛宒﹝

闐陝躇苤漆華腔滇華莉歎跡奻梀珨捷ㄛ秪峈茧衄漆醱滇挌腔懈鏍彸芞枅燭祥剿奻汔腔阨郖﹝[16] 捚瞳氿饒笣腔艇嶺跡佴坢痲ㄗFlagstaff竭嗣枅燭恲奻汔腔瘀銖傑﹝

蚕衾樓笣腔珧鳶哏赲衄褫夔傖峈鎮爵票ㄗMalibuㄘ脹蜓啥華腔汜魂都怓ㄛ奧悵玸鼠侗彶毞恅杅趼煤薹麼擇橈婬棒硃泂笭膘馱釬ㄛ秪森勍嗣懈鏍樵隅唸善堈燭伬輿腔毞劓§ㄛ湍滇華莉珛褡咡腔晞瞳﹝

涴憩枑堤賸恀枙ㄛ撈赻蚕翋砱睿湮嗣杅酘巖睡茼勤衵秫鏍逜翋砱ㄛ陔楊昹佴翋砱睿緊婐麵﹝婓郔輓腔錶狟ㄛ衄岊褫夔頗蔚赻撩嗽蕾婓窒煦忳善党棗麼恅趙萋秶腔嗽絢笢ㄛ奧羶衄砩妎善扂蠅蔚赻撩癹秶婓滄華囀﹝

涴爵ㄛ輦砦闔解翔翌眳濬ㄛ釬峈茼勤緊曹趙腔淉習ㄛ岆眢湛傖腔醴梓ㄛ筍涴遜堈堈祥劂﹝彆埻猾祥雄甜祥勤炵苀俶燴賤羲溫ㄛ耋肅秏煤腔衙癩ㄛ瞰蚚赻撩腔芘§盓厥褫眕諷秶腔岈昜§ㄛ憩迵滄華腔軀憮衄壽﹝

樓瞳腦攝捚腔赻蚕傑庈ㄛ導踢刓睿吤親糧佴ㄛ眒冪曹腕笢莉論撰趙ㄛ眕祫衾褫夔椰酗眕懂砓涽覂輛祭淉笥腔諦夤價插﹝彆晚賜甡蕞痄鏍摯漆壽硒楊擁(Immigration and Customs Enforcement)睿晚賜挐軀脹儂凳ㄛ煦蹊芩華腔梪諷甡蕞鏍條ㄛ寀滄華肮欴華甡蕞劑

衄賸蘇腔燴賤ㄩ婓滄華囀ㄛ蠟衄晟蹦赻蚕ㄛ茧衄猿蜓腔恅趙岍賜ㄛ笱逜睿俶梗嗣欴俶眕摯毀勤巖淉笥ㄛ筍岆笥假蔚峎厥價掛腔冪撳睿笱逜窏唗﹝秪森ㄛ婓議虳源醱ㄛ赻蚕翋砱滄華褫眕諦夤華桴婓惜濫韁粔§珨晚ㄛ輦砦痄鏍輛ㄛ麼岆蚕藝弊昹窒煦燭翋砱鏍條諷秶腔華﹝

翋霜睿衄郪眽腔慾輛酘巖湮嗣拸弝憤衵秫睿衵秫鏍逜翋砱鍰絳婓晟棗睿妗犛奻腔涴虳曹趙﹝衄奀ㄛ侔綱扂蠅婓迵酖毞腔瘁隅緊曹趙翋砱釬須淰﹝ 迵森眈壽腔岆ㄛ壽衾緊曹趙睡荌砒扂蠅垀衄§腔徹奀夤癩衄奀頗掩笭陔婦蚾峈遠噫堍雄笢腔陔夤癩﹝

瞰ㄛ盪妢悝模舜妦脤親嶺匙菱ㄗDipesh Chakrabartyㄘ蚴迡徹衄壽鍚濬妗犛旃噶睿汜怓悝腔恅梒ㄛ坻峈ㄛ撈妏緊曹趙勤蜓睿腔荌砒頗衄垀祥肮ㄛ筍緊曹趙閉埣賸鎮親佷翋砱腔論撰脯醱ㄛ秪峈迵訧掛翋砱峉儂祥肮§ㄛ涴爵羶衄峈蜓睿杻論脯枑鼎寰汜竻﹝§ [17]

婓議笱砩砱奻佽ㄛ涴褫夔岆淏腔ㄛ秪峈迵逌虜譫腔岍賜眈掀ㄛ絞踏腔蜓啥睿笢莉論撰腔滯赽蔚樟創婓汜昜悝奻揭衾嬪袨怓腔岍賜ㄛ筍綺謹遠噫峉儂腔砩妎倛怓醱﹝遜羶衄艘善寰汜竻§笐郟頗曹腕嗣繫鍔祥假﹝

撈妏寰汜竻羶衄嗣湮蚚揭ㄛ郔綴ㄛ楊昹佴翋砱腔軀憮珩頗猁僻啖坳眕悵茧衄寰汜竻﹝涴笱寰汜竻軀憮晊扥善攜祜腔茼勤緊曹趙腔撮扲賤樵源偶§ㄛ涴虳賤樵源偶腔砩砱祥婓衾妏岍賜曹腕載藝疑ㄛ奧婓衾斐婖綴濬腔帤懂ㄛ屾杅蜓褫眕枅迕婈逡紸腔陎﹝

洷咡衄祥屾蜓啥睿笢莉論撰腔蠅褫眕植掛窐奻傖峈論撰竊芺ㄛ峈藩跺淰載藝疑腔岍賜ㄛ筍勤坻蠅衄虳奧晟ㄛ郯薯郔苤腔芴噤ㄛ蔚岆瞳蚚鏍逜弊模腔晚賜眕摯傑盺腔滄華ㄛ堈燭觴鏍ㄛ謨嗤呁豻腔遠噫訧埭﹝

緊峉儂甜羶衄閉埣論撰秪匼﹝奧岆樓曄騰祫慾楷陔楊昹佴翋砱啋匼ㄛ甜妏汜怓扦頗翋砱ㄗecosocialismㄘ麼汜怓珧雙翋砱ㄗecobarbarismㄘ腔杸測曹腕麵眕离陓﹝婓緊曹趙源醱ㄛ陔楊昹佴翋砱腔雄儂岆樓厒翋砱腔ㄛ鴃奪汃票覂閥葩諷秶睿妏鏍逜弊模婬棒湮腔酵砑﹝

 

勤蕨侚厗堋咡

怍嶺湛ㄗRei Teradaㄘ硌堤ㄛ茼勤謨嗤睿晚噫惟薯淉笥剒猁珨笱逄晟ㄛ撈楊昹佴翋砱睡荌砒蠅腔侚厗堋咡ㄛ涴岆湮嗣杅淉笥垀羶衄腔﹝§ [18]

撈妏岆郔蹂桲腔晟蹦ㄛ珩褫眕錢獗珨唯﹝妏藝弊婬棒帡湮§ 腔埭籵都褫眕袚咁善蹈跦奀測ㄛ筍衄珆翍腔祥肮ㄛ憩岆蹈跦砃盓厥氪換氈夤翋砱腔夔薯﹝

彆斕毀勤蹈跦ㄛ絞砑苂ㄛ筍涴岆壽衾藝弊婓岍賜奻腔褒伎睿赻蚕庈部§訧掛翋砱腔嘟岈ㄛ盓厥氪褫眕瑭祥瘐痸華辣網﹝

眈掀眳狟ㄛ杻檄腔扂蠅蔚荇腕斕歲樸§ㄛ撿衄鏍逜苀珨翋砱腔荎倯宒譎囮眳秪§晟蹦腔蚥岊﹝隙善1950爛測藝弊腔閩銓奀測§岆祥褫夔腔ㄛ拸蹦岆蔚弝峈翮塋佴翋砱睿恛隅馱釬奀測ㄛ遜岆啞祫奻睿郬笭換苀俶梗脹撰秶腔朹尪翋砱§倛宒ㄛ飲岆祥褫夔腔﹝

杻檄盓厥氪腔陑燴褫夔衄砩拸弝勤議虳岈ㄛ筍甜準毞淩﹝妗暱奻ㄛ祫屾婓鍚濬衵秫睿載嫘滓腔檞岍測睿60爛測遠噫笢ㄛ譆鞦栖岍唚

涴虳杻檄盓厥氪峈扂蠅淩腔祥夔豖坫﹝坻蠅洷咡衄峈坻蠅奧桵ㄗ啞睿換苀俶梗/模穸歎硉夤峈腔扂蠅§ㄘ˙ 坻蠅洷咡衄艘善坻蠅腔菩忳賴﹝ 桉艘覂岍賜婓尥ㄛ涴怮褫鷓賸ㄛ筍坻蠅茧惕賸劓笢鍔踡桲腔陲昹﹝

隙善衄虳鍔陑歲腔傻逄ㄛ統迵汜怓扦頗翋砱麼汜怓珧雙翋砱腔須淰蔚剒猁枅旌滄華腔軀憮睿賜癹﹝峈汜怓鼠砱腔帤懂奧桵ㄛ祥夔婬掩弝峈蕾撈輛俴遠噫淏砱須淰腔杸測恁寁﹝

峈緊曹趙褫眕傖峈濬僕肮岈珛ㄛ涴跺夤萸茼蜆掩燴賤峈議笱燴砑翋砱ㄛ勤衾慾楷論撰竊芺褫夔岆衄蚚腔ㄛ筍蔚醱還勤芩華睿訧埭腔儅濛諷秶腔淰嗤﹝ 遠噫淏砱岆蚕論撰雄腔笱逜趙腔珋奀珋華腔緊須淰﹝

蕾旂Standing Rockㄘ華腔須淰珩勍岆涴跺奀測腔宎淉笥須淰﹝嶺褪坢劼逜ㄗLakota Sioux Tribeㄘ睿懂赻弊跪華腔遠悵翋砱氪颯擄婓珨ㄛ桯羲淉笥須淰ㄛ砓涽覂兜匙鎮淉葬腔賦旰睿杻檄奀測腔羲宎﹝

婓岍賜跪華ㄛ跪論撰爛眒冪輛俴啦馱ㄛ網郚粒儅憤俴雄懂茼勤緊峉儂﹝絞踏腔須淰ㄛ瞰蟯伎陔淉ㄗGreen New Dealㄘㄛ祥茼掩弝峈逋眕婓訧掛翋砱遺殤囀賤樵麼熬緊曹趙峉漲腔蕾楊源偶ㄛ奧茼弝峈導奀腔徹傾俶猁ㄛ甜蔚淕跺緊睿扦頗淏砱腔絞褫夔俶ㄛ肮輛俴載跦掛蜊曹腔數薊炵懂ㄛ植奧衄褫夔婓忳囷腔陎奻妗珋覽擄俶扦頗汜魂﹝

 

褐蛁

[1] ※淉葬潔緊曹趙蚳藷巹埜頗ㄗIPCC§淉習秶隅氪晡猁ㄛ跪跺淉葬蠶袧腔曹轡1.5~C腔杻梗惆豢  - IPCC https://www.ipcc.ch/2018/10/08/summ....

[2]慇親ㄗHaqueㄘㄛ訧掛翋砱睡尥觖華傖峈簸捈腔楊昹佴恲弅§ https://eand.co/how-capitalism-torc....

[3] 陝肅憚嫌攝ㄗAdghirniㄘㄛ匙昹豢咂岍賜 https://www.bloomberg.com/news/arti...

[4] 慇峎ㄗHarveyㄘㄛ※''著弊翋砱§ eatonak.org/IPE501/downloads/files/....

[5]鬲嫌驚輿ㄗEilperinㄘㄛ竣攝佴ㄗDennisㄘ睿鐃攝ㄗMooneyㄘㄛ杻檄淉葬峈ㄛ善2100爛ㄛ恲蔚奻汔7僅﹝§ [-https://www.washingtonpost.com/nati...]

[6]犖佴毚ㄗHanslerㄘㄛ鷥驚兜ㄩ趙漆梨峈籀眢湍懂賸陔儂郣§ https://twitter.com/jmhansler/statu... .

[7] 兜攝嫌ㄗO'Neilㄘㄛ藝弊夔埭窒蔚趙坒蹋載靡峈'赻蚕煦赽 https://www.theguardian.com/busines....

[8]哏嫌挶ㄗWilsonㄘㄛ汜怓楊昹佴翋砱淏婓憤傷衵秫腔訄諒恅趙笢葩倓§ https://www.theguardian.com/world/c....

[9] 綸親ㄗHuqㄘ睿蘆湛ㄗMochidaㄘㄛ遠噫楊昹佴翋砱腔倓迵緊曹趙腔假趙§ https://www.researchgate.net/public....

[10] 親濘ㄗKelleyㄘ脹ㄛ陔堎挋芩華腔緊曹趙摯勤郔輪唦瞳捚補熊腔荌砒﹝§ https://scholar.google.co.uk/schola....

[11]齊嫌ㄗHallㄘㄛ阨埭桵淰§https://www.dw.com/en/water-wars-ar....

[12]曹轡崝樓賸準粔囀桵腔瑞玸﹝ https://www.pnas.org/content/106/49....

[13]艇醫濘佴ㄗFloresㄘㄛ涴憩岆峈妦繫斐槨翹杅講腔模穸妗暱奻堤珋婓晚噫腔埻秪§ https://www.buzzfeednews.com/articl....

[14]兜價ㄗOrangeㄘㄛ繩杻艇濘肅爵親伬ㄗMette Frederiksen https://www.theguardian.com/world/2...

[15]滑瞳佴ㄗPhillipsㄘㄛ蔚頗霜悛§ https://fusion.tv/story/254505/what....

[16]掛伬ㄗBensonㄘㄛ婓醫冱穚ㄛ緊曹趙腔笢莉論撰趙眒冪婓楷汜§https://www.thedailybeast.com/in-la....

[17] 脤親嶺匙菱ㄗChakrabartyㄘㄛ盪妢緊

[18] 螺抎蹦ㄛ迵釬氪勤趕ㄛ2018929

 

掛恅祒赻: 弊暱夤萸201975ㄛhttp://www.internationalviewpoint.org/spip.php?article6140